Tesla Gigafactories is one of the most fascinating industry-wise transformations happening in the automotive sector. It is one of the biggest electric vehicle manufacturing companies in the world which is building cars at its gigafactories. Building gigafactories around the world is part of a plan to increase the massive production of electric cars and transform energy usage. Elon Musk had announced to build 10-12 gigafactories all over the world and till today (September 2022) there are six-tesla gigafactories.
1. Tesla Fremont Factory
Production Capacity: 550,000 Model 3/Model Y a year (up by 50,000 compared to the previous info) plus up to 100,000 refreshed Model S/Model X.
It is the full-featured factory that Tesla owns completely. Fremont factory was originally constructed by General motors in 1962 and now Tesla bought this age-old factory culture in 2010. Production of the first electrical car started here with a fully developed, age-old in-house called Tesla Model S. Tesla’s Fremont Factory in California produced approximately 9000 electric vehicles per week. It is one of the most productive auto factories in America and is currently active in the production of Model S, Model Y, Model X, and Model 3.
2. Giga Nevada- Gigafactory 1
Production Capacity: Approximately 39 GWh of battery cells (2022)
In 2014, Tesla announced Giga Nevada as the original ‘Gigafactory’ project. It produces lithium-ion battery packs for Model 3 Sedan and electric motors. This gigafactory manufactures energy storage products of Tesla like Powerwall and Powerpack. It has officially begun mass production of 2170 cells. Tesla-semi, the heavy-duty electric vehicle, is manufactured near the Nevada factory which is in the limited production phase.
3. Giga Texas- Gigafactory 2
Production Capacity: 500,000 Model Y (first phase), 1 Million+ (second phase with Cybertruck production)
Official working of Giga Texas had begun in April 2022, however; its construction was completed in the next one and half years. The pre-production of the Tesla Model Y took place in 2021. It uses Giga Press to produce electric vehicles more efficiently, for example, the first phase of production includes 7000 cars a week. Giga Press is a special manufacturing facility that uses giant die-casting machines in Giga Texas. Moreover, it can produce one electric vehicle every 45 seconds. Tesla Cybertruck electric pick-up model is also expected to be manufactured here.
4. Giga New York- Gigafactory 3
Production Capacity: 10,000 solar panels per day, equivalent to 1 GWh per year.
Solar PV cell manufacturing is the basic functioning of Giga New York factory. It was a solar roof assembly site at first, and later on, it started Supercharger components production. On the other hand, it is not involved with other electric vehicle businesses like Tesla. It began its construction in 2014 and successfully made the acquisition of SolarCity in 2016. Tesla has added new production lines to support electrical components for superchargers and other energy storage products. Panasonic partnered with Tesla in 2017 to produce solar cells.
5. Giga Shanghai- Gigafactory 4
Production Capacity: 473,078 vehicles per year
It is the largest manufacturing site among Tesla Gigafactories built to date (2022). This construction site was started in 2017 and finished its target within just one year. Tesla owns this factory independently, which might be the first of its in the Chinese auto industry. It has established new engineering and design centers in China. As a result, Shanghai is set to become the largest electric vehicle export hub in the entire world. Model 2 will start its mass production in 2022 at Giga Shanghai, according to the availability of Chinese industry sources.
6. Giga Berlin- Gigafactory 5
Production Capacity: 500,000 Model Y
Giga Berlin is the smallest of all Tesla Gigafactories but Musk is planning to begin its production in the near future. Tesla has applied for a 250 -acre expansion plan to double its production capacity. The factory produces both battery cells and electric vehicles once fully finished. €4 billion is the expected cost of Giga Berlin and vehicles built in Berlin will feature structural battery packs to help Tesla produce cars more efficiently. It is equipped with giant aluminum casting machines, similar to Giga Texas.
Possible Tesla Gigafactories locations in future
India has the second largest auto market in the world and its government is struggling with the electrification of the auto industry. Clearly, the government needs help from foreign markets for adopting advanced technology at an affordable price. India could be the strongest option for Tesla to ally with as it has the strategic geographical location of being a tropical country. Since most parts of India get a continuous supply of sunlight, it would make a feasible location for upcoming Tesla Gigafactories.
After the establishment of Giga Berlin, Musk is in talks with the UK government to open the next European factory in the United Kingdom. It could be the preferred choice for the location of automobile manufacturing. However, Tesla needs to wait for long to start manufacturing since; Brexit denied UK’s appeal for the auto industry. Furthermore, Musk needs to figure out the supply of electricity to the futuristic electric vehicle industry here as the UK has a temperate climate.
It could be one of the probable locations for Tesla Gigafactories because its domestic currency has lost its value against the dollar. Consequently, the labor cost has drastically reduced last year. It is expected to be one of the largest manufacturing hubs in Asia and Europe. Since Turkey has the advantage of opening into two big water bodies, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, it also gives easy access to transportation.
Tesla Gigafactories are growing exponentially to help reshape the global future by putting down foundation for sustainable development. The mission of Elon Musk and all Tesla employees is about clean energy security for upcoming generations. Moreover, Tesla had allowed non-Tesla electric vehicles to use its charging network. The progress is already made with delivering Cybertruck, which is in the middle of process. The above blog will enrich the idea of how Tesla is creating the future and not just cars.
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