In the present day, the impact of artificial intelligence and robotics on employment opportunities has been a topic of speculation. There have been a lot of instances where we hear about computers overtaking human beings in many ways. According to Artificial intelligence (AI) research firm Gartner, 2020 will be a crucial year in AI employed dynamics as AI will become a positive job motivator and it would generate 2.3 million jobs. Gartner arrived at this calculation after considering the 1.8 million jobs that were made easier by automation. As a result of this discovery by Gartner, there has been a necessity for more artificial intelligence courses that prepare professionals and the world for a new surge that has been brought about by innovations in robotics and artificial intelligence. Thus, the innovations brought by robotics and artificial intelligence bring out the need for new job roles, trained professionals , innovative job roles and research and development.
Demand for research, development and training roles
Like any technology flourishes only through innovation, it is the same case with AI and Robotics While robotics progresses to more and more areas of human intelligence and tasks, there is a need to research and development to enhance robotic models .When assessed from a large viewpoint, it can be said that the AI and robotics industry is still in the starting stages of development and there has to be a lot of things that have to be researched developed and implemented, That’s when there would be a demand of employment opportunities in AI and robotics sector such as research ,development and skill enhancement. Some positions and talks that are already in demand by some of the leading tech companies are roles of AI trainers, data scientists and architects. Furthermore, the tasks that are in demand are statistical modelling, machine learning, computational intelligence, psychology, mathematics, neuroscience, and linguistics. Various firms who are investing in AI and robotics are always on the lookout for experienced professionals in their R&D department who can perform research and drive innovations in their existing prototypes.
Creating new job roles to support working of AI and robotics devices
Another impact is that artificial Intelligence and robotics has brought upon employment opportunities is the need for new job roles to support and maintain the working of AI and robotics device. The AI and robotics sector would require professionals who would understand AI and robotics at each stage of the development cycle As a result, there would be a two thirds increase in the current job situation
In a recent study conducted by Capgemini, nearly 80 percent of the 1,000 organisations who implement artificial intelligence have stated that they would be hiring AI and robotics professionals for new job roles.
AI and Robotics sector requires more skilled professionals
The impact of AI and robotics on employment goes beyond the creation of jobs. Since AI and robotics are technologies that require a comprehensive understanding of each small part of the development process. Therefore there is tremendous requirement for professionals with a substantial level of expertise n micro tasks such as data analysis and virtual imaging. In 2017, the amount of supply of labour shortages in the technology sector was less than the demand for labour. Take an example of the United States of America, they had 500,000 open positions for software developers but there were only 50,000 computer graduates to fulfil this that specific demand for software developers. Since there is a lot of skill gap in organizations, there would be more requirements for skilled professionals. Hence, there is a need to invest in artificial courses to fill in the constantly increasing demand for skilled professionals.
Professionals can take on innovative jobs
Another impact of AI and robotics on employment would be that they will allow people to take on more innovative and exciting job roles. Peter Smith, managing director of Michael Page China, said such technology advances will allow people to take on more innovative jobs. This is especially true for hi-tech projects such as driverless cars propelled by new technologies as more highly skilled people would be needed to invent and develop allied products.” The adoption of AI and robotics would also mean that there would be up gradation in many industries which means that people would have more job opportunities in service and lifestyle industries.
Even though there is a lot of fear in the minds of people that machines will take over humans, it can be said that there is scope for new job roles in the AI and Robotics sector. With AI and Robotics developing, there needs to be a lot of research and development in the AI and robotics industry. Therefore, a lot of firms who have a lot of research and development employment opportunities are always on the lookout for experienced professionals who can perform research and drive innovations in their existing models. Apart from that, the AI and robotics sector would also need skilled professionals with a substantial amount of expertise who understand each part of the development process. With these demands arising in the AI and robotics industry, there are creation of new and innovative jobs .Thus it could be concluded that the AI and Robotics has created more jobs opportunities rather than taking them away.